Key Light? Fill Light? Hair Light? If these terms do not ring a bell you are going to want to stop what you are doing and hit play. If you are lighting interviews and other indoor scenes, using the classic 3 point lighting setup can take your look to the next level. This awesome tutorial was created by DiCasa Films out of Queens, NY.
The key light directly upon the subject and serves as the main illuminator. The brightness, color and angle of the key light determines the lighting design. The key is typically a specialized lamp, or a camera’s flash. In outdoor daytime shots, the Sun often serves as the key light.
The fill light also shines on the subject, but from a side angle relative to the key and is often placed at a lower position than the key. It balances the key by illuminating shaded surfaces, and lessening or eliminating chiaroscuro effects, such as the shadow cast by a person’s nose upon the rest of the face. A photographer can opt to use a reflector as a fill light instead of an actual lamp.
The back light (known as the rim light, hair light, or shoulder light) shines on the subject from behind. It gives the subject a “glow” on the edges, serving to separate the subject from the background and highlighting contours.